Solid-state lighting

Arturas Zukauskas 1Michael S. Shur 3Remis Gaska 2

1. Vilnius University, Institute of Materials Science and Applied Research (IMSAR, VU), Sauletekio 9, building III, Vilnius LT-2040, Lithuania
2. Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc., Columbia, SC, United States
3. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), 110 - 8th St., MRC-218, Troy, NY 12180, United States


Recent breakthroughs in growth of novel wide-bandgap materials, and in the design of high brightness light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have resulted in the
development of a new exciting solid-state lighting technology [1]. In addition to future application for general lighting, mass applications of solid-state lighting now include full-color video displays, signals, traffic lights, and local and decorative illumination. In addition, many niche applications in phototherapy, photosynthesis, and optical measurements have emerged. In 2020, solid-state lighting is expected to save up to 10% of the global electric power consumption and replace a significant percentage of ineffective incandescent bulbs and mercury-containing discharge tubes.
In our talk, we review the history of lighting, LED basics, extraction of light from semiconductor chips, white and UV LEDs, and new applications of solid-state lighting. We also describe our work on optimization of solid-state lighting sources and on the development of versatile white polychromatic lamps with digital feedback that are being tested for a more effective treatment of seasonal affective disorder. Novel application of high-power LEDs for Raman measurements and for water testing is also demonstrated.

[1] A. Zukauskas, M. S. Shur, and R. Gaska, Introduction to Solid-State Lighting (Wiley, New York, 2002).


Related papers
  1. Luminescence transients in highly excited GaN grown by hydride vapor-phase epitaxy
  2. Stimulated emission in InGaN/GaN structures with different quantum well width
  3. Simulation of localized exciton hopping in quaternary AlInGaN

Presentation: invited oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003, Symposium A, by Arturas Zukauskas
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003

Submitted: 2003-06-12 17:18
Revised:   2009-06-08 12:55