Growth and Magnetic properties of rubidium rare earth double tungstates single crystals.

Mieczyslaw T. Borowiec 1Vladimir P. Dyakonov 1,2Tetyana Zayarnyuk 1Marek Berkowski 1Andrzej Szewczyk 1Maria Gutowska 1Eduard E. Zubov 1,2Wiktor Domuchowski 1Marek Barański 1Henryk Szymczak 1

1. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, al. Lotników 32/46, Warszawa 02-668, Poland
2. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Donetsk Technical-Physical Institute, R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk 83114, Ukraine

Abstract

Magnetic and thermal investigations of the rubidium rare earth double tungstates RbRE(WO4)2 (RE= Dy, Nd, Sm) have been performed and compared with some potassium rare earth double tungstates.. Rubidium rare earth double tungstate single crystals have been grown by the top-seeded solution growth method (TSSG). They crystallize in the monoclinic crystal structure, with the C2/c space group. Using the X-ray diffraction measurements the unit cell parameters have been determined.

The magnetic properties as a function of both temperature and magnetic field intensity have been studied. The magnetization has been measured in the temperature region from 4.2 K to 100 K and in magnetic field up to 1.45 T. A strong anisotropy of magnetic properties was found. The data on temperature and field dependencies of magnetization was used to determinate the exchange interaction parameters. Results of study of magnetic properties of the rubidium rare earth double tungstates have been compared with result obtained for potassium rare earth double tungstates.

The specific heat measurements in these single crystals are also presented. The specific heat C(T) of the RbDy(WO4)2, RbNd(WO4)2 and RbSm(WO4)2 crystals have been measured over a temperature range of 1.6 –300 K in magnetic field up to 10 T.

These crystals are established to be new perspective materials for an adiabatic demagnetization.

This work was supported by EU project DT-CRYS, NMP3-CT-2003-505580, by Polish State Committee on Science (KBN) (decision of project No. 72/E-67/SPB/6. PR/DIE 430/2004-2006).

 

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Presentation: Poster at Joint Fith International Conference on Solid State Crystals & Eighth Polish Conference on Crystal Growth, by Vladimir P. Dyakonov
See On-line Journal of Joint Fith International Conference on Solid State Crystals & Eighth Polish Conference on Crystal Growth

Submitted: 2007-01-15 15:16
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44