The transition to perpendicular magnetization in an ultrathin Co film studied by XMCD and SXRR based magnetometry

Elisabeth Holub-Krappe 3Anders Hahlin 1Hansjörg Maletta 3Cecilia Andersson 1Olof Karis 1Jonathan Hunter Dunn 2Dimitri Arvanitis 1

1. Uppsala University (UU), Regementsvägen 1, Uppsala SE-751 21, Sweden
2. Lund University, MAX-lab, Lund SE-221 00, Sweden
3. Hahn-Meitner-Institute (HMI), Glienicker Str. 100, Berlin D-14109, Germany

Abstract

Ultrathin magnetic films are often used as a model system for investigating low dimensional and interfacial effects. Both, surface and volume anisotropy can favor in-plane or out-of-plane magnetization. The easy axis of magnetization can change from in-plane to out-of-plane when decreasing the thickness of the magnetic layer at a fixed temperature, or upon decreasing the temperature at a fixed layer thickness. A prominent example for such a Spin Reorientation Transition (SRT) is an ultrathin Co film, sandwiched between Au layers. Our previous work showed the SRT at the room temperature with decreasing the Au-cap thickness, linked with an 38% enhancement of the Co orbital moment and the hybridization of the Co 3d and Au 5d bands, resulting in a charge transfer from Co to Au.
Present study shows the evolution of the SRT with decreasing temperature, giving evidence for the influence of the Au/Co interface versus the interior of the Co film in the SRT process. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and soft x-ray resonant reflectivity (SXRR) measurements were performed at MAX-lab, Lund on a Au/Co/Au trilayer. XMCD experiments provide quantitatively both the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic response across the SRT temperature, and assess the functional onset of the magnetization reorientation versus temperature. The temperature dependent spin and orbital moments were determined by means of the magneto-optical sum rules. A set of element-specific hysteresis loops based on the SXRR signal allows us to quantify the onset of the SRT at the photon penetration depth. On the other hand, the XMCD spectral areas are used to enhance the interface contrast. Comparison of the data from both methods indicates for the first time that with decreasing temperature from the in-plane phase the Co at the Co/Au interface exhibits the spin-reorientation at higher temperatures than the interior of the Co film, i.e. the SRT starts at the interface.

 

Related papers
  1. Magnetyczna spektroskopia i spektro-mikroskopia na materiałach spintronicznych
  2. Electronic structure of Mn atoms in (Ga,Mn)As layers modified by high temperature annealing
  3. On the spin reorientation of Co/Au based magnetic nano-dot arrays.

Presentation: oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003, Symposium B, by Elisabeth Holub-Krappe
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003

Submitted: 2003-05-27 17:11
Revised:   2009-06-08 12:55