Spin localization on carbon nanoparticles: Activated Carbon Fibers studied by EPR and electric resistivity measurements

Mateusz Kempinski 2Jacek Kaszyński 1Małgorzata M. Śliwińska-Bartkowiak 2Wojciech Kempiński 1

1. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Molecular Physics, Mariana Smoluchowskiego 17, Poznań 60-179, Poland
2. Adam Mickiewicz University, Department of Physics, Umultowska 85, Poznań 61-614, Poland


Activated carbon fibers (ACFs) possess nanocrystalllites made up of graphene sheets that create conducting particles, nonuniformly distributed in space. The nanocrystallites are about 2.5 nm. Existence of voids makes ACFs a porous system, with specific surface area of 3000 m2/g. In such porous material with conductive particles it is necessary that the grains are linked structurally in order to hold sample together. But the linkage is not always electrical.
We report results of the temperature properties of electric resistivity of ACFs, where the model of granular metallic systems [1] is proposed for the electric conductivity of ACFs. For this model, dc electrical resistivity vs temperature is described as ρ(T) = ρ0exp[(T0/T)1/p], where p = 2, ρ0 is a proportionality constant and T0 varies between 102K and 104K depending on metallic volume fraction.
EPR measurements of ACFs show localization of paramagnetic centers on nanocrystallites below 100K. It confirms the granular metal model for ACFs.

[1] B. Abeles et al. adv. Phys. 24 (1975) 407


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Presentation: poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2004, Symposium G, by Mateusz Kempinski
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2004

Submitted: 2004-04-30 22:37
Revised:   2009-06-08 12:55