Crystal Structure of the Sr3MgSi2O8:Eu2+,Dy3+ persistent luminescence material

Jorma Hölsä 1Marja Isotahdon 1Taneli Laamanen 1,2Mika Lastusaari 1Marja Malkamäki 1,2Maarit Myllykoski 1Janne Niittykoski 1

1. University of Turku, Department of Chemistry, Turku FI-20014, Finland
2. Graduate School Of Materials Research, Turku FI-20500, Finland

Abstract

Silicates usually possess stable and rigid crystal structures. Thus, they make excellent host matrices for efficient luminescent materials with use in applications as lamps, cathode ray tubes, scintillators, etc. [1]. Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu2+,Dy3+ is currently the best persistent luminescence material [2]. It can store energy from e.g. sun or lamp light and release it as visible light persisting up to 24 hours in the dark. The applications of persistent luminescence range from the traditional luminous paints to more sophisticated fields as radiation detection, structural damage and temperature sensing as well as medical diagnostics. The other stable composition in the SrnMgSi2O5+n series, Sr3MgSi2O8:Eu2+,Dy3+, also shows persistent luminescence [3].
The crystal structure of Sr3MgSi2O8 has been suggested to be orthorhombic with unit cell parameters a = 5.4, b = 9.6 and c = 7.2 Å, Z = 2 [4,5]. However, no space group or structural details have been reported. The structure has also been referred to as merwinite (Ca3MgSi2O8) type with the monoclinic space group P21/a (No. 14), Z = 4 [6]. In this work, the crystal structure was investigated based on X-ray powder diffraction data.
The undoped and Eu2+/Dy3+ codoped Sr3MgSi2O8 samples were prepared by solid state reactions. Stoichiometric amounts of strontium carbonate, magnesium nitrate hexahydrate, silicon dioxide, europium oxide and dysprosium oxide were heated at 1250 oC for 10 hours in a reducing N2 + 12 % H2 atmosphere. The X-ray powder diffraction patterns were collected at room temperature by a Huber 670 Guinier camera using monochromatic copper Kα1 radiation (λ = 1.5406 Å).
The unit cell was found to be of lower symmetry than that of the glaserite type trigonal Ba3MgSi2O8 [7]. The previously proposed orthorhombic cell could not account for all the observed reflections, either, but a doubling of the unit cell c-axis was needed. This cell corresponds to the merwinite one, but the systematic absences suggest possible space groups Cc (No. 9) or C2/c (15). Even if no clear reflection splitting was observed, the broadening and intensities of the reflections suggest a unit cell belonging to the monoclinic crystal system with a = 9.442, b = 5.452, c = 13.860 Å and β = 90.2o.

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7. Aitasalo T., Hietikko A., Hölsä J., Lastusaari M., Niittykoski J., Piispanen T., Z. Kristallogr. Suppl. 26 (2007) 461.

 

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Presentation: Poster at 11th European Powder Diffraction Conference, Poster session, by Mika Lastusaari
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Submitted: 2008-04-29 15:16
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48